Caring for your rabbit's teeth

Danielle Petch
A grey and white rabbit perching on the arm of a grey sofa

Did you know your rabbit’s teeth grow throughout their life? Around 2mm every week, in fact!

To make sure we’re clued up on the ins-and-outs of rabbit dental health, we spoke to the experts at The Vet Connection, who were more than happy to share their expertise.

So, if you’re wondering how to check your rabbit's teeth or want to know how to spot the warning signs of a potential problem, then get ready. It’s time to hop into the answers below...

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Checking your rabbit’s teeth 

Rabbits have four large white incisor teeth at the front, and you should check these at least once a week if you have a pet rabbit. They should be white and have a neat chisel-shaped bite edge — this sharp biting edge is used to cut the grass and vegetation when eating, and so the alignment of these front teeth is very important to ensure they are worn down correctly.

Behind the teeth at the front, are peg teeth and molars. The molars are the teeth that chew and grind the vegetation. Rabbits are almost constant chewers, and they chew in a circular motion to grind up the vegetation for digestion. It's the grinding and chewing that keep their constantly growing teeth in good shape. 

Dental problems – how to spot the warning signs 

Rabbit's teeth are designed to be constantly worn down by chewing and are then replaced by growth from the tooth root. Keeping the growth and the wear in balance is the key to healthy teeth in your rabbit. 

Dental problems mainly tend to occur when your rabbit’s teeth are not worn down at the correct rate. This can be due to their diet not having enough roughage to encourage lots of chewing, or that their teeth are out of alignment due to genetics or trauma. Having a diet low in roughage but high in pellets or dry food (which do not wear down the teeth) is the commonest cause of dental problems in pet rabbits. 

A grey rabbit

Keeping the growth and the wear in balance is the key to healthy teeth in your rabbit

Since we can only see the front four incisors, spotting dental disease in your rabbit can sometimes be quite difficult. There are, however, some outward signs that we can look for: 

  • Weight loss, as it is difficult for your rabbit to eat
  • Reduced grooming and sometimes matting of faecal material around your rabbit’s bum
  • Drooling and wetness on the front paws
  • Going off hay and grass because it is too painful to chew

If you notice any of these signs or are worried for any reason, then it is best to take your rabbit to the Vet for a check over. 

Treating overgrown teeth 

As with most conditions, prevention is better than cure. However, if your rabbit’s teeth are overgrown it might be necessary for your Vet to trim them. This is generally a straightforward procedure, but it is likely to require a short general anaesthetic.  

Sometimes it is best that the problem teeth are simply removed, and often dental x-rays are required to decide what the best treatment for your rabbit will be.  

Remember, it is always a good idea to have your rabbit’s teeth checked thoroughly by the veterinary team as part of their general or vaccine health check. 

Don't forget, during all sits TrustedHousesitters members have unlimited access to a free 24/7 Vet Advice Line. So, for general worries to expert help and advice while on a sit, simply head to your member dashboard to contact your free Vet Advice Line.

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